How do I avoid covid-19 infection?
The best way to avoid this disease is to avoid contacting someone with COVID-19, practicing ” Social distancing” and not traveling abroad at this time. As with other infectious diseases, people with symptoms should stay at home, except for medical care, and avoid the use of public transportation.
Everyone should wash their hands:
- Often wash your hands with water and soap for 20 seconds, or use alcoholic hand sanitizer (e.g. before and after eating, and after going to the toilet).
- Cover the mouth when coughing and sneezing with a handkerchief and get rid of it immediately, wash your hands afterwards and if there is no napkin, the mouth should be covered using elbow.
- Cough away from others
- Stay away from more than 1.5 meters from people when you are abroad, if possible.
- Avoid touching your face and mouth while going out in public. Don’t touch, kiss or hug people outside your immediate family.
How does COVID-19 spread from human to human?
The virus is likely to spread from person to person:
- Through direct contact with someone
- By touching the drops when the infected coughs or sneezes
- By touching objects or surfaces, such as door handles or tables, then touching your face or mouth (where an infected person coughs or sneezes and contaminates the surface with drops)
Am I allowed to visit a patient in the hospital?
Hospitals around the world have introduced restrictions on who can visit patients and how long. Most hospitals limit visits to one or two people a day and have a time limit for staying with the person.
It is important to check the website of the hospital, and contact in advance before going, to see if you are allowed to visit. You should also discuss with your family and friends who should be given priority to visit.
Depending on the reason for the patient’s presence in the hospital, it may also affect who can visit him. If they are very ill or have a certain type of disease or in a high-risk group, such as the elderly, they may not be able to receive any visitor.
If you are allowed to see a patient in the hospital, you should follow any hospital rules regarding physical removal, hand hygiene and coughing.
If you are not well, you should not visit anyone in the hospital.
I have heard that COVID-19 can be transmitted through feces. Is that right?
The transmission was not carried through the stool. In the absence of diarrhea, covid-19 transmission is unlikely. Hand washing is critical to preventing viruses in general, so always wash your hands well after going to the toilet.
Does wearing the mask help reduce your risk of DEVELOPING COVID-19?
If you are generally healthy and do not care about someone with a confirmed or probable COVID-19, it is not recommended to wear a surgical mask. There is little evidence to support the widespread use of surgical masks by healthy people. If you are sick, you should put a mask, if you have a mask, to prevent the spread of infection to others.
What kind of mask do I need?
If you suspect that you are a COVID-19 patient, you should wear a surgical mask when you are near other people. Surgical masks are only useful in preventing the spread of corona viruses to other people with confirmed or potential infections. It should also be used with frequent washing of hands with soap and water (for 20 seconds) or cleaning hands with alcohol (“hand sanitizer”).
If you are healthy and do not care about someone carrying confirmed or probable COVID-19, you do not need to wear a surgical mask. There is little evidence to support the widespread use of surgical masks by healthy people.
If you need to wear a surgical mask, you should change the mask as soon as it becomes wet or dirty. Do not reuse individual masks. More information about masks can be found on Ministry of Health websites.
What is the difference between “physical distancing ” and “social distancing “?
physical distancing is a better term to describe how you should stay away from people during the Corona pandemic. You may be physically distant, but you can still be social in other ways.
It is important that people stay in touch and continue to socialize with their families and friends for their mental health and well-being. Phone calls, video calls and social media can help you stay in touch with your loved ones.
Everyone is encouraged to stay at home as much as possible and to leave your home only for basic reasons, such as going to work or school, shopping for necessities and for medical reasons.
physical distancing helps reduce the risk of transmission of the virus and includes:
- Avoid crowds and group gatherings where it is difficult to maintain a reasonable distance from others (about 1.5 meters)
- Avoid small indoor gatherings
- Save 1.5 m between you and others
- Do not shake hands, hug or kiss
Do not visit vulnerable people, such as those in aged care facilities, hospitals, children or people with weakened immune systems
What is “unnecessary travel”?
To prevent the spread of COVID-19, local governments advise against unnecessary travel – especially between cities and states. This does not include travel that is part of everyday life, such as business trips, school or shops.
What is “close contact”?
He had more than 15 minutes of face-to-face communication over the course of a week (anywhere) with someone who had a confirmed or probable COVID-19 (including within 48 hours before symptoms appeared)
May share a closed place with someone carrying confirmed or probable COVID-19 for more than two hours (including within 48 hours before symptoms appear)
Close contacts of a person with confirmed or potential COVID-19 infection are more likely to be infected. However, it is important that everyone understands the symptoms of COVID-19 and seek medical attention if they feel unwell.
What is “accidental contact”?
Accidental contact is a person who was in the same general area as the person who was proven to be effective for COVID-19 during infection. You are an informal contact:
You have less than 15 minutes of face-to-face communication over the course of a week (anywhere) with a confirmed or probable condition (including within 48 hours before symptoms appear)
It is not necessary to exclude informal contacts from work or school in good condition. You should monitor your health closely and if you have any symptoms, you should isolate yourself if you develop symptoms such as fever, cough, sore throat or shortness of breath.
What do I do if I am in close contact with someone with a confirmed or potential COVID-19 infection or with an international traveler?
If you have close contact with a person with confirmed or potential COVID-19 infection (including contact within 48 hours before it becomes ok), you should isolate yourself immediately. Keep a close eye on your health for 14 days after you last contacted this person.
Is there a vaccine for COVID-19?
There are currently no specific antiviral vaccines or drugs to prevent or treat COVID-19. However, many countries are working hard to develop a vaccine, including Australia, Turkey and Germany. Practicing good hand hygiene is the best way to protect yourself from the virus.