Chronic knee pain

Chronic knee pain is long-term pain, swelling, or allergic reaction to one or both knees. The cause of knee pain can determine the symptoms experienced by the patient. Many conditions can cause or contribute to chronic knee pain, and there are many treatments. Everyone’s experience with chronic knee pain will be different.

What causes chronic knee pain?

Temporary knee pain is different from chronic knee pain. Many people experience temporary knee pain as a result of an injury or accident. Chronic knee pain rarely goes away without treatment, and is not always attributed to a single incident. It is often the result of several causes or situations.

Physical illnesses or diseases can cause knee pain. These include:

Osteoporosis: pain, inflammation and joint damage caused by joint degeneration and deterioration

Tendonitis: Pain in the front of the knee worsens when climbing, climbing stairs or climbing the slope

Bursitis: inflammation caused by excessive use or knee injury

Cartilage patella: damaged cartilage under the patella

Gout: Arthritis caused by the accumulation of polygon acid

Baker’s cyst: accumulation of synovial fluid (fluid lubricating joint) behind the knee

Rheumatoid arthritis: A chronic disorder of autoimmune inflammation causes painful swelling and can eventually lead to joint deformity and bone erosion

Dislocation: Dislocation in the patella is often the result of a shock

Tearof the meniscus: a rupture of one or more cartilage in the knee

Torn ligament: A torn ligament in one of the four ligaments in the knee – the most injured ligament is the anterior cruciate ligament

Bone tumors: Bone cancer is the second most common bone cancer and occurs mostly in the knee

Factors that may make chronic knee pain worse

Knee structure injuries can cause bleeding and swelling and can create a chronic problem over time if not treated properly, including:

  1. Constant Stress
  2. Infection
  3. Stand wrong when physically active
  4. Do not warm up or cool before or after physical activity
  5. Tighten muscles incorrectly

Who is at risk of chronic knee pain?

People who are overweight or obese are at greater risk of knee problems. For every pound you suffer from weight gain, the knee should absorb an additional 4 lbs when walking, jogging or climbing the stairs.

Other factors that increase your risk of chronic knee pain include:

  1. Age
  2. Previous injuries or traumas
  3. Sports activity or physical exercise in a bad way

What are the symptoms of chronic knee pain?

Symptoms of chronic knee pain vary for each person, and the cause of knee pain often causes pain. Chronic knee pain may appear as follows:

  1. Constant Soreness
  2. Acute pain when used
  3. You may also experience swelling and chronic pain when touching the knee.

Diagnosis of chronic knee pain

Every possible cause of chronic knee pain requires different diagnostic tests. This includes blood testing, physical examination, X-rays, CT scans or MRI scans, and other imaging tests. The condition your doctor thinks will be determined by the types of tests you will be undergoing to find out the cause of chronic pain in your knee.

The healthcare professional will start asking questions about a person’s overall health, then specifically the nature of knee pain (how long, how severe, how severe, does anything feel better or worse, etc.).

After that, a knee scan will be performed. This will include bending the knee through the full range of movement, checking the firmness of the ligaments, and assessing any swelling and swelling. It is often useful to compare painful knee exam results with other knee scans. Often, this is all that is required to make a diagnosis and start treatment. In several research studies, it has been found that an experienced examiner is as reliable as an X-ray examination.

Sometimes your doctor may want to do more studies such as the following tests:

X-ray tests

Simple X-rays can lead to fractures and degenerative changes in the knee.

MRI is used to assess the soft tissues of the knee, ligaments or cartilage and muscle injuries.

Blood tests

If gout, arthritis or other medical conditions are suspected, a healthcare professional may request blood tests.

Removal of joint fluid (joint puncture)

It is better to diagnose some cases by removing a small amount of fluid from the knee joint. During joint slippage, a small needle is placed in the joint and fluid is withdrawn. This is done in a sterile manner. The liquid is then sent to the laboratory for evaluation. This procedure is particularly useful if there is a suspicion of knee joint injury or to distinguish gout and various forms of arthritis. If there is a group of blood in the joint due to a painful injury, removing fluids can help relieve pain.

Treatment of chronic knee pain

Each underlying cause of chronic knee pain has a specific type of treatment. These treatments may include:

  1. Physical Therapy
  2. Medication
  3. Surgery
  4. Injections

Cystitis is treated, a common cause of knee pain in the following ways:

  1. Put ice on the knee for 15 minutes once an hour for three or four hours. Ice should not be placed directly on the knee; Then put the ice in a closed plastic bag, then put the bag on the towel.
  2. Wearing padded flat shoes supports the feet and does not aggravate the pain.
  3. Avoid sleeping on the side. Use pillows placed on both sides of your body to prevent you from slipping on your side. When lying on your side, keep a pillow between your knees.
  4. Stay seated as much as possible. If you have to stand up, avoid hard surfaces and keep your weight evenly divided on both legs.
  5. Lose weight if you are overweight or obese.

What are the long-term prospects for chronic knee pain?

Some knee pain, especially pain caused by osteoporosis, is likely to be permanent. That’s because the knee structure is damaged. Without surgery or other intensive treatment, you will continue to feel pain, inflammation and swelling in your knee.

A long-term view of chronic knee pain involves controlling pain, preventing skin attacks, and reducing knee irritation.

How can chronic knee pain be prevented?

Chronic knee pain can be partially and not entirely prevented, the possible causes of knee pain. But chronic knee pain cannot be prevented. There are things you can do to relieve pain. If chronic knee pain worsens due to overuse, or tends to be the most painful after physical activity, lifestyle changes can be made to help treat pain. These methods include:

  1. Warm up before exercising. Extend the quadriceps thigh muscles and hamstrings before and after exercise.
  2. Try low-impact exercises. Instead of tennis or running, swim or cycle. Or mix low-intensity exercises with high-impact workouts to relax your knees.
  3. Weight loss.
  4. Running puts extra power on your knee. Instead of running on a cliff, walk.
  5. Stick to the paved surfaces. Off-road or paved lanes can be dangerous for the health of your knee. Stick to smooth paved surfaces such as a racetrack or a walking area.
  6. Get support. Inserting shoes can help treat foot or walking problems that may contribute to knee pain.
  7. Replace your running shoes frequently to make sure they still have proper support and cushioning.