Hemorrhoids are swelling veins in the lower rectum and anus. These vessels’ walls get agitated as they are extended.

While hemorrhoids can be inconvenient and uncomfortable, they are simple to treat and completely avoidable. Since hemorrhoids tend to worsen over time, physicians recommend that they be treated as soon as they occur.


Types of hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids can be internal or external.

Internal hemorrhoids

Internal hemorrhoids are located deep inside the rectum and are not visible from the outside. It is normally not painful. Rectal bleeding is often the first symptom of an internal hemorrhoid. An internal hemorrhoid may often protrude from the anus due to stress. This is known as a protruding or prolapsing hemorrhoid, and it can be excruciatingly painful.

External hemorrhoids

External hemorrhoids are apparent when they are found beneath the skin near the anus. It is normally more uncomfortable in this area of the body due to the presence of more sensitive nerves. Straining to move stool will result in bleeding.



Enlarged veins around the anus cause hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids can occur for the following reasons:

Pregnancy: It is more frequent in pregnant women when the fetus puts strain on the vein in the colon, allowing it to swell.

Aging: Men between the ages of 45 and 65 are most likely to suffer from hemorrhoids. However, this does not imply that young people and children do not comprehend it.

Diarrhea: Hemorrhoids may develop as a result of chronic diarrhea.

Constipation: Straining to pass stool raises pressure on blood vessel walls.

Sitting for an extended period of time: Sitting for an extended period of time, especially on the toilet, may result in hemorrhoids.

Lifting Heavy Objects: Lifting heavy objects on a regular basis will result in hemorrhoids.

Genetics: Certain individuals inherit a proclivity for hemorrhoids due to genetic factors.


Symptoms of hemorrhoids often include:

  1. Painless bleeding
  2. Itching or irritation in the anal area
  3. Discomfort, pain, or soreness in the same area
  4. Lumps and swelling in the anal area
  5. Fecal leakage

The symptoms can be annoying, but they are not usually a cause for concern.


Anyone exhibiting the symptoms mentioned above should seek medical attention. Rectal bleeding may be caused by a variety of conditions, including cancers of the colon, rectum, and anus.

A doctor can conduct a physical examination and other tests to assess whether or not hemorrhoids are present. A automated rectal exam can be used in these exams. A practitioner does a physical inspection using a gloved and lubricated eye. If the person experiences excessive bleeding, dizziness, or fainting, he or she should get emergency medical attention right away.



In most cases, straightforward interventions will alleviate symptoms, and hemorrhoids will recover on their own. However, prescriptions and even surgery can be needed at times.


Home remedies

The following methods should be used to alleviate symptoms. They can not, however, eliminate hemorrhoids:

Creams and ointments for the skin: Hydrocortisone-containing over-the-counter creams and suppositories can be purchased online. Pads containing an anesthetic agent that can be applied to the skin are also available.

Compresses of ice and cold: Applying these compresses to the infected region can aid in the treatment of swelling.

Warm-water Sitz baths: Over the toilet, a sitz bath is put. They are available in some pharmacies and can help alleviate symptoms of burning or itching.

Wet wipes: Using dry toilet paper can aggravate the situation.

Analgesics: Some analgesics, such as aspirin, ibuprofen and acetaminophen, may relieve pain and discomfort.



Any hemorrhoid drugs are available without a prescription. Ointments, sanitary towels, and suppositories are examples of these.

Itching and agony are believed to be relieved by active ingredients such as hydrocortisone and witch hazel. If these drugs do not provide benefits after a week of therapy, see a doctor.

Non-surgical treatment options

Rubber band ligation is the most effective non-surgical hemorrhoid removal procedure.

An elastic band is mounted on the base of the hemorrhoid to close off the blood flow in this outpatient treatment for internal hemorrhoids. Over time, the hemorrhoids will shrink or fall out.

Sclerotherapy is another treatment in which a solution is inserted into an internal hemorrhoid. As a consequence, a scar forms, cutting off the blood flow to the hemorrhoid.

Other methods include infrared photocoagulation and electrocoagulation.


Surgical options

Hemorrhoidectomy is a surgical procedure that removes all of the hemorrhoids. Stapling can also be used to force a prolapsed hemorrhoid back into position. These operations are conducted under general anesthesia, and most patients are able to return home the next day.



When the stools are moist, the likelihood of contracting hemorrhoids is considerably diminished. This can be aided in a variety of ways, including:

Food and nutrition: Eating plenty of high-fiber ingredients, such as fruits and vegetables and whole grains, ensures that the stool is still fluffy. Similarly, drinking lots of water aids in keeping stools moist. Fiber pills sold over the counter can also help alleviate constipation.

Avoid overstretching: Remember not to overwork yourself by using the bathroom. This causes strain to build up in the veins of the lower rectum.

Going to the bathroom when necessary: If anyone has to use the restroom, they should not hesitate. The stool will get drier as you wait.

Sitting or standing as a type of physical exercise

Physical activity: Sitting or standing for extended periods of time imposes strain on the veins. Physical exercise also makes diarrhea pass around the bladder, resulting in more frequent bowel movements.

Maintaining a balanced body weight: Being overweight raises the likelihood of contracting hemorrhoids significantly.