When you’re trying to conceive, the IVF technique may get you one step closer to pregnancy, but the process may make you feel insecure if you’re not sure what to do. Here’s what you need to remember, right before your first visit to the hospital.
Deciding to use IVF technology is nerve-wracking. On the one side, the treatment takes you a little closer to pregnancy. In the other hand, it is stressful not to know what to think and to think about whether or not it would succeed. In order for you to brace for the procedure, here’s what you need to remember.
The IVF requires a lot of time and work
IVF is a labor-intensive procedure involving frequent appointments to doctors for 10-12 days. You will take fertility medications (usually self-injection) to induce the development of multiple eggs by your ovaries. During that time, you would have to go to the doctor’s office nearly regularly for blood checks and ultrasound. If the relaxation process is over, the doctor will take the eggs from the ovaries (under general anesthesia) and combine them with the sperm of the husband in the laboratory. Three or five days after the egg is recovered, one or two embryos will be returned to the uterus (any additions to future IVF cycles may be frozen). Two weeks later, you will go back to the clinic for a blood pregnancy test to decide whether the IVF works or not.
You need to check your health beforehand
Achieving healthier weight, reducing alcohol consumption, and stopping the use of nicotine and other drugs will greatly increase IVF success rates. Also, learn to monitor medical problems such as elevated blood pressure and diabetes before you try to conceive.
Remember that you’re going to be full of hormones, so prepare to get a bit more passionate about the IVF cycle. Minor physical side effects such as pelvic pain, cramping or swelling, breast tenderness, and nausea from fertility injections can also occur.
In certain cases, IVF can induce ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) that occurs when fertility drugs cause a woman to secrete too many eggs. Symptoms can include weight gain, extreme abdominal pain or swelling, dizziness, shortness of breath, nausea, and vomiting. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is normally resolved on its own. However, if you have these signs, you can call the doctor immediately.
You will have the opportunity to decide the gender of the boy.
If the IVF cycle involves a pre-implant genetic examination that scans the embryos for chromosome abnormalities, so part of the chromosome report includes the sex of the embryos, says Susan Hudson, a reproductive endocrinologist at the Texas Fertility Center in New Braunfels. Such facilities will encourage you to select the gender that you prefer to implant, while others will not allow you to pass only the best embryos.
There is a slight chance of pregnancy or childbirth complications
Using more than one embryo inserted during IVF raises the odds of pregnancy with complications, increasing the likelihood of premature labour and low birth weight. In order to minimize this possibility, Dr. Diaz suggests genetic testing of the embryos and only then one transplant to the uterus.
Babies born from IVF still have a 1-2 per cent greater chance of congenital defects relative to the general population, although the data is getting better and is likely to be due to the essence of the infertility compared to the procedure itself.
There are occasional cases of inconsistency in IVF
July 2019, a couple in New York City made headlines when a fertility center used another couple’s embryos for IVF. They discovered the error by giving birth to twins of opposite genders, and so they sued the facility. A report blames fertility centers for lack of oversight. Confusion is exceedingly unlikely, but TODAY shows a lot of requests to see the embryology file. Search the fertility clinic beforehand to make sure you’re assured that you’re meeting with the center.
The IVF is not a promise of pregnancy.
Unfortunately, the IVF doesn’t fit for everyone. Some women get pregnant for the first time, others need to replicate the procedure once or twice, and some couples do not succeed even after a few tries. Dr. Fineberg says that the effectiveness of IVF also depends on the age. The IVF success rate for eggs use by women under 35 years of age was 48%, down to just 3% for women over 42, according to most recent national statistics from the Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART).