A dermatologist or medical practitioner will conduct laser skin resurfacing as part of a skin care procedure. It entails the use of a laser to enhance the texture and appearance of the skin.

A dermatologist may advise you to utilize an ablative or non-ablative laser depending on your specific needs. Carbon dioxide (CO2) or erbium lasers are examples of ablative lasers. Scars, warts, and deep wrinkles can all be removed with CO2 laser peeling treatments. Erbium is used to treat fine lines and wrinkles, as well as other superficial skin issues. Both types of ablative lasers remove the skin’s outer layers.

Non-ablative lasers, on the other hand, do not remove any skin layers. Pulsed light lasers, pulsed dye lasers, and fractional lasers are among them. Non-ablative lasers can be used to treat rosacea, spider veins, and acne-related skin problems.

Who should get this procedure?

If you have skincare issues linked to aging, sun, or acne that cannot be addressed with over-the-counter medications, you may want to explore this surgery. Laser skin resurfacing can be used to treat one or more of the skin disorders listed below:

signs of aging

scars from acne

Wrinkles and fine lines

crow’s feet around the eyes

drooping skin

Skin discoloration

Sebaceous gland enlargement

Your natural skin tone might also influence whether or not this is the ideal sort of cosmetic surgery for you. People with pale complexion are frequently ideal candidates since they are less likely to acquire hyperpigmentation.

However, according to the American Board of Plastic Surgeons, there is a common misunderstanding that laser skin resurfacing is only for those with fair skin. The trick is to consult with a dermatologist or specialist who understands which lasers are most effective for darker skin tones (such as the erbium laser). This treatment may not be appropriate for those who have active acne or have extremely sagging skin.

Doctors often advise doing this surgery in the fall or winter. This can aid in reducing sun exposure, which can harm delicate skin.

What do you expect from this procedure?

Woman doing cosmetic procedures in spa clinic

Laser skin resurfacing heats the bottom layers of the dermis while targeting the skin’s outer layer. This will increase the synthesis of collagen. In an ideal world, the new collagen fibers will aid in the production of new skin that is smoother in texture and firmer to the touch.

The procedure includes the following steps:

Your skin must be prepped before to laser skin resurfacing. This comprises a series of therapies carried out many weeks before to the operation. The goal is to make your skin more tolerant of expert treatments. It may also minimize the likelihood of adverse effects.

On the day of the surgery, your doctor will inject a local anesthetic into the affected region. This is used to make you more comfortable and minimize discomfort throughout the operation. If you have had a big region of skin treated, your doctor may recommend an analgesic or pain medications.

The skin is next cleansed to eliminate any extra oils, debris, or germs.

Your doctor will start the therapy with a particular laser. The laser is gently moved over the skin’s chosen region.

Finally, at the completion of the process, your doctor will cover the treatment region with a wrap to help preserve the skin.

Possible side effects and risks

Like other cosmetic procedures, laser skin resurfacing poses a risk of side effects. These include:

burning

swelling

infection

hyperpigmentation

redness

You can decrease your chance of these problems by following your doctor’s recommendations for primary and aftercare. Depending on your medical history, you may be offered an antibiotic or antiviral medicine as a preventative measure.

Acne medicines, such as isotretinoin (Accutane), may raise your chances of scarring. You should inform your dermatologist about any medical issues you are suffering from, as well as all drugs you are taking, including over-the-counter treatments. Aspirin, for example, can have an impact on laser therapy recovery by raising the chance of bleeding.

Doctors advise patients to abstain from smoking for at least two weeks before to the operation. Smoking following a laser peel might increase your chances of experiencing adverse effects.

What to expect from aftercare and recovery?

Although laser peels are performed by certain dermatological doctors, they are not considered surgical treatments. You are free to leave your doctor’s office immediately following the operation. Stopping and healing, on the other hand, are required to guarantee that your skin recovers properly. This minimizes the chance of adverse effects while also assisting you in achieving the desired outcomes.

Side effects and duration

Healing time ranges between 3 and 10 days. In general, the longer the recovery period, the greater the treatment area and the deeper the laser. Ablative laser therapy, for example, might take up to three weeks to recover from.

While you’re healing, your skin may get extremely red and crusty. There will be some peeling. Ice packs can be used to assist decrease edema.

Although you are not need to be at home for the duration of your recuperation, you should avoid locations where known germs are present, such as the gym, which may increase your risk of infection.

Cleansing

You’ll also need to make changes to your regular skincare routine. The treated area will need to be cleaned two to five times each day. Instead of your normal cleanser, you’ll use the salt or vinegar solution prescribed by your doctor. You will also need to use new pads to keep your skin clean. A daily moisturizer can also help the healing process, but only after consulting with your doctor.

protection

After each laser skin resurfacing surgery, your skin may be sun sensitive for up to a year. Sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 can help minimize the risk of sunburn and UV damage.

To protect your skin, use sunscreen every morning (even if it’s gloomy). Reapply as necessary throughout the day.

What do you expect from the results

Non-ablative laser treatments do not have a high risk of adverse effects, but you may require several sessions to get the desired results. Ablative lasers, on the other hand, may be able to address your problems in a single session.

Individual outcomes differ depending on the severity of the underlying problem being addressed. Once the therapy sessions are done, you may anticipate your benefits to last for several years. However, the effects are not long-lasting. At some time, you may need to repeat the operation.