Liposuction is a process aimed at removing the accumulated fat and ponies from some areas of the body in order to get a perfect appearance by using a vacuum pump that suctions fat from under the skin and cannot do this process in all areas of the body as it is confined to the abdomen, neck, waist, thighs, buttocks and arms and is usually used by the patient when other methods such as diet and exercise fail to lose weight as it can be performed regardless of the patient’s health needs. Some people do not cause excess obesity health problems and only seek to improve their appearance within a short time so liposuction is the best solution for weight gain.

What are fats:

Fats are considered substances that do not dissolve in water but they are soluble only in organic solvents and is one of the most important nutrients needed by the body as it is a major source of energy that man needs in his daily life as it maintains the heat of the body by forming a protective layer under the skin that maintains the heat of the body internal in addition to its role in the production of hormones and help it absorb vitamins in the body but the body needs it in small quantities as the high percentage in The body causes many diseases and health problems so be careful not to consume large amounts of them. Fat can be obtained from plant or animal sources.

Plant sources: It is an unsaturated fat i.e. it is in liquid state at room temperature and has several benefits such as lowering the level of cholesterol in the blood and it also works to modify the percentage of insulin in the blood and its most important sources are olive oil, peanut oil and sunflower oil.

Animal sources: Unlike vegetable fats, they are saturated fats, they are in a solid state at room temperature and are found in eggs, meat and milk derivatives and increased consumption is the main cause of cardiovascular disease as they reduce the elasticity of the arteries and cause high pressure and can be replaced by fish meat, which is considered as multiple unsaturated fats do not cause damage to the arteries and heart, but on the contrary it reduces the risk of coronary artery atherosclerosis.

Causes of weight gain:

It is recognized that eating in large quantities leads to weight gain, the human body needs a specific amount of food calories to maintain the functioning of vital functions properly and therefore the additional amounts of food that enter the body are preserved in the form of fat to be burned later to secure the necessary energy, especially in the abdominal area, armpits and thighs in addition to the accumulation of fats around the arteries, but the hyper appetite towards food is not normal and does not occur on its own, but there are several reasons Stimulates increased appetite, the most important of which are:

Stress: Daily problems and psychological pressures affect the hormones of the body directly as they increase the secretion of cortisol hormone and unfortunately this hormone causes increased appetite leading to excessive calorie intake as the tension causes a malfunction in the metabolic system in the body which may cause the storage of more fat and therefore weight gain.

Lack of sleep and late nights: Late nights usually cause an increase in hunger, which increases the number of calories consumed per day, and eating at these times almost completely turns into fat because metabolic rates drop in the late hours, leading to rapid weight gain.

Malnutrition: Most of us do not rely on a certain diet in their lives and instead follow unbalanced diets containing high amounts of sugars and carbohydrates and not consuming enough fruits or vegetables, which deprives the body of vitamins and salts necessary and is one of the biggest causes of obesity, so some believe that reducing the amounts of fat and carbohydrates consumed daily causes weight loss, but on the contrary, these nutrients cause weight gain even if consumed Alternatively, healthy foods rich in fiber, vitamins and in appropriate quantities can be taken in small quantities, which burn fat and cause weight loss.

Antidepressant drugs: In a study conducted in London, a direct link was observed between depression drugs and weight gain, as people who use these drugs are 21% more likely to gain weight than those who do not use them, but the rate of weight gain varies from person to person as some People are not affected by depression drugs while they cause weight gain for others, and among the indirect reasons that accompany the use of depression drugs overeating and lethargy caused by depression in some people, loss of appetite in some people due to depression and an improvement in appetite after recovery, which causes eating Voraciously and thus weight gain.

Anti-allergic drugs: known as antihistamines, cause significant weight gain, especially in women according to studies, as they inhibit the secretion of histamine in the body, which leads to increased appetite for food and the problem is that these drugs do not need a prescription so they should be used only when needed.

Steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: They are pain-relieving and antipyretic drugs as they dilute blood and are used to treat many diseases but they cause fluid retention in the body and increase appetite, which causes weight gain and does not need a prescription to use, so be careful when using them.

Insulin: Is the main treatment for diabetes where it works to neutralize glucose from the blood to maintain the sugar rate, but it stores these sugars in the cells to be burned later so it may cause weight gain if the patient does not carry out daily activities to burn these sugars and the patient should use insulin according to the consultation of the doctor.

Hypothyroidism: The gland responsible for the secretion of growth hormone and in the case of insufficiency of this gland it causes fatigue and cold in addition to weight gain as a result of slowing the metabolism in the body and this condition should be treated by a doctor.

Types of liposuction:

Liposuction: This is the traditional method of suction where the doctor injects the area on which the operation will be performed with saline fluids such as adrenaline and lidocaine and then inserts microtubes called (caniola) under the skin in the desired area and moves it in a certain way where these tubes break down the fat for the doctor to suction outside the body using a vacuum pump of air, and this process can be performed under the influence of local anesthesia or general depending on the patient’s condition.

Ultrasonic liposuction: Where a device is used that generates ultrasound waves with a certain force that disassembles the fat so that it can be suctioned afterwards and it is recommended to use this method to remove fat from the neck, abdomen and breast in men.

Laser suction: In principle, it is similar to ultrasound technology, but low-energy laser waves are used to break down fat and can be subject to local or complete anesthesia depending on the patient’s condition.

Vaser Technology: Also known as the carving of four-dimensional dynamic strength, this technique is characterized by its superiority over other techniques in terms of accuracy and its ability to easily break up the fat around the muscles through the use of high-resolution ultrasoundwaves, which leads to the targeting of fat directly without causing any damage to the adjacent tissues and is carried out by injecting saline fluids and narcotic substances into the intended area and making small openings around this area not exceeding the diameter of 5 mm to be introduced the vaser tube that will be selected. Fat is pulled out of the body, and thanks to its high accuracy it does not harm the blood vessels around the fat, which significantly reduces the rate of blood loss.

Pre-operation procedures:

  • The patient should consult the doctor first in order to assess the patient’s health condition and the patient’s need for liposuction and its success rate as the patient should tell the doctor all the health problems he suffers because it may affect the progress of the operation, liposuction is not suitable for all age groups, it cannot be performed for children or for the elderly, it is not suitable for those suffering from chronic diseases such as heart and diabetes, and the doctor must decide whether the patient’s health condition is appropriate for the operation or not, The procedure is not suitable for all sizes, especially obese people cannot perform it because of the risk to their lives, and the doctor determines the areas from which liposuction can be performed in agreement with the patient.
  • Like any other operation, the patient should perform some important analyses such as a comprehensive blood test and sometimes require a chest x-ray and an ECG.
  • You should stop using certain medications that the patient is taking, so the patient should discuss this matter directly with his doctor, stop using alcohol for two days and refrain from eating for eight hours before the operation.
  • Refrain from taking medical steroids such as aspirin and anti-inflammatories two weeks before the operation.
  • Refrain from taking birth control pills for women two weeks before the procedure.
  • Take doses of iron one week before the operation for people with anemia

How the process is done:

  • Initially, your doctor will identify the suction areas using a liquid pen.
  • The doctor will then numb the patient either topically or completely as required by the need of the operation if it will be performed on narrow areas local anesthesia is enough to do it, but if there are several areas that will undergo surgery at the same time such as the arms, waist and buttocks, then the patient should be generally sedated to maintain his safety.
  • The doctor then opens incisions not more than 5 mm wide where he enters the suction needle through these incisions which are connected to a vacuum pump that suctions fat from inside the body and suctions from 2 to 5 liters of fat according to the patient’s need and health condition.
  • The procedure takes one to three hours depending on the amount of fat in the patient’s body and the number of areas that will undergo the procedure.

Post-operation steps:

  • If the amount of fat that has been suctioned is large, the patient may have to stay in the hospital for one night until his condition is closely monitored, but more often than not he or she can leave the hospital on the same day of the operation.
  • The patient places a rubber compression belt for one to one and a half months in order to avoid swelling and swelling in the area of the operation.
  • The doctor gives the patient some antibiotics to protect against infections and it is possible to follow your daily life normally after one week of the operation.

Side effects of liposuction:

  • The patient experiences some minor pains that can be treated with analgesics.
  • Bruising in the area of the operation.
  • Scars and contrast in skin color.
  • If pain does not go away with analgesics, loss of sensation in the areas of the operation, high temperature, shortness of breath or leakage of fluids in areas undergoing suction, the patient should see a doctor as soon as possible.