Pneumonia is a condition in which the tissues of one or both lungs enlarge (inflammation). A bacterial infection is typically to blame. A virus, such as the Coronavirus, can potentially cause it (COVID-19).

Pneumonia symptoms

Pneumonia symptoms can occur quickly over a period of 24 to 48 hours or gradually over many days.

The following are some of the most common pneumona symptoms:

Coughing that is either dry or produces thick yellow, green, brown, or blood-stained mucus (phlegm)

Difficulty breathing – even at rest, your breathing may be rapid and shallow, and you may feel short of breath.

High-temperature environment

I’m sweating and shivering because I’m feeling sick.


Chest discomfort that worsens when you cough or breathe

Symptoms that are less prevalent include:

Blood is coughed up (hemoptysis)

Headache \sexhaustion

Feeling sickly or sick?

Muscle and joint discomfort

Disoriented and perplexed feelings, especially among the elderly

When should you seek medical assistance?

If you’re feeling sick or have any other signs of pneumonia, see your doctor right once.

Call 911 for an ambulance if you or someone you care about:

Experiencing shortness of breath

They cough up blood

You have blue lips or a blue face

Feel cold and sweaty, with pale or blotchy skin

You have a rash that doesn’t go away when you roll a Cuban on it

Collapse or fainting

Has stopped urinating or is urinating much less than usual

Pneumonia may afflict people of any age, although it is more prevalent and more dangerous in specific populations, such as the very young and the elderly.

If these people get pneumonia, they are more likely to need hospital care.

What causes pneumonia?

Pneumonia is almost always caused by a bacterial infection. Other forms of this disorder, in addition to bacterial pneumonia, include:

Aspiration pneumona – caused by breathing vomit, a foreign body, such as peanuts, or a hazardous material, such as smoke or a chemical aspiration pneumonia – caused by inhaling vomit, a foreign body, such as peanuts, or a toxic substance, such as smoke or a chemical

Fungal pneumonia is uncommon in the UK, and it is more common in those with weakened immune systems.

This disorder developed in a hospital during treatment for another disease or surgery is known as hospital-acquired pneumona. People using ventilators in intensive care are at a higher risk of acquiring ventilator-associated pneumonia.

Danger groups

Pneumonia is more likely to affect the following groups:

Infants and early children


Those who are smokers

People who have asthma, cystic fibrosis, or heart, kidney, or liver illness, to name a few.

People with a compromised immune system, such as those who have recently had the flu, HIV or AIDS infection, chemotherapy, or are receiving medicines after an organ transplant.

Pneumonia diagnosis

By inquiring about your symptoms and checking your chest, your doctor may be able to diagnose pneumonia. In some situations, further testing may be required.

Because it has many symptoms with other illnesses including the common cold, bronchitis, and asthma, pneumona can be difficult to diagnose. Your doctor may ask you the following questions to aid in the diagnosis:

Whether you’re short of breath or breathing more quickly than normal,

How long have you been coughing, and what color mucus are you coughing up?

If the discomfort in your chest gets worse when you inhale or exhale, it’s time to see a doctor.

The doctor may also measure your temperature and use a stethoscope to listen to your chest and back for any crackling or crackling noises.

By clicking on your chest, they can also listen to it. The sound of fluid-filled lungs differs from the sound of healthy lungs.

You generally won’t require a chest X-ray or additional testing if you have mild pneumonia.

If your symptoms do not improve within 48 hours of starting therapy, you may require a chest X-ray or additional testing, such as a sputum (mucus) test or blood tests.

Pneumonia treatment


Mild pneumonia may typically be treated at home using the following methods:

Get a lot of rest.

Antibiotics should be taken if pneumonia is caused by a bacterial infection.

Drink a lot of water.

If you don’t have any other health issues, you should respond well to therapy and recover quickly, but your cough may last longer.

Pneumonia can be severe in high-risk individuals, necessitating hospitalization.

This is because, depending on the person’s health and age, it might create significant problems, which can be deadly in certain circumstances.

Pneumonia complications

Pneumonia complications are more prevalent in young children, the elderly, and people who have pre-existing medical problems like diabetes. Pneumonia can cause the following complications:

Pleurisy is an inflammatory condition in which the thin linings between the lungs and the rib cage (pleura) become inflamed, resulting in respiratory failure.

Lung abscess is an uncommon consequence that occurs more frequently in persons with a major pre-existing disease or a history of heavy drinking.

Septicemia (sepsis) is another uncommon but dangerous consequence.

If you suffer one of these problems, you will be admitted to the hospital for treatment.

Preventing pneumonia

Although most occurrences of pneumonia are bacterial and not passed from person to person, maintaining basic cleanliness will help prevent germs from spreading. For instance, you must:

When coughing or sneezing, use a tissue to cover your mouth and nose.

Used tissues should be thrown away right away since germs can survive for several hours after they leave your nose or mouth.

To avoid transmitting germs to other people or objects, wash your hands often.

In addition to a healthy lifestyle, pneumonia can be avoided by following certain guidelines. You should, for example, quit smoking since it harms your lungs and raises your risk of infection.

Long-term alcohol abuse impairs the natural defenses of your lungs against infection, making you more susceptible to pneumonia.

People who are at risk of acquiring pneumonia should be provided the pneumococcal and influenza vaccines.