Plasma Injection (PRP)
Platelet-rich plasma injection technology has helped to treat many diseases such as joints, ligaments, skin and bone diseases, hair germination and gynecology through advanced medical centers in Turkey using advanced methods.
Plasma Injection (PRP)
Is PRP useful, and how does it work?
In recent years, the technique of treating some diseases with plasma or platelet-rich plasma injections, a modern technique first used in Italy 1987, has gradually spread and proven effective in various medical specialties such as skin and bone diseases, hair germination, healing of damaged tissues, gynecology and urination problems.
The use of platelet-rich plasma injections has revolutionized the treatment of many cases of joints and ligaments with great success without complications or side effects.
How is plate extraction done?
The blood in the human body consists of a liquid called “plasma” (plasma) inside it swim red and white blood cells and platelets that start the process of blood clotting when any injury, by containing many proteins, called “growth factors”, and secreted to help In the process of recovery from injuries. They help to grow new blood vessels and stimulate tissue healing.
For treatment in this way, first a sample of the patient’s blood is withdrawn by 30 to 60 ml, an anticoagulant is added, then the blood is placed in a dedicated sterile tubes and then fed into the plasma centrifuge for several minutes, which separates the blood cells from Plasma that is withdrawn and injected at the area of the disease, and the concentration of platelets is high (5 to 10 times the concentration in the blood) in the affected part.
After they are extracted, platelets containing growth factors are injected in the places where the patient wishes to be treated, which activates and stimulates the cells to produce new young active cells capable of dividing and multiplying, giving different types of specialized cells such as skin cells and cartilage cells. Platelets are blood cells that have many important roles in the body, including promoting blood clotting, which helps to stop bleeding quickly when infected, as well as contain proteins that help to heal wounds quickly.
How long does it take to prepare the syringe?
It takes 20 to 30 minutes to draw blood, separate platelet-rich plasma and prepare the syringe.
How many injections are taken?
In most cases the injection is sufficient once and a few cases may require more than one injection.
Is the procedure painful?
This depends on the patient’s sensitivity, pain tolerance, and local anesthetic can be used ten minutes before the procedure begins.
Who is the doctor who injects?
A doctor who gives plasma injections should be an orthopedic specialist who specializes in treating the part to be injected in order to be able to accurately diagnose the disease or injury, and be aware of other treatment methods that may be more appropriate to the condition than platelet injection. Also, he should have a great experience in the proper way of injection. So as not to cause any damage.
Generally, plasma is injected in the surface joints such as the knee joint and surface tissue such as elbow, this is done in the outpatient without the need for hospitalization, where the injection site is anesthetized and sterilized and then injected.
If the injection is in some deep areas of the body such as the thigh joint, this requires the injection in the hospital and the use of a radiologist to ensure the accuracy of the injection site, which increases the price of the injection.
Preparations to be taken before injection?
There are some preparations that the patient should make before plasma injections, including stopping the anti-inflammatory drugs for five days before the injection and for seven days after, while not prevented from taking analgesic paracetamol before and after the injection because it does not affect platelets.
Patients should stop taking Cortisol for two weeks before injections. Patients taking blood thinners should stop taking them for five days before injections after consulting their physician.
Which diseases can be treated with plasma injection?
Platelet injection has been used to treat many problems and diseases, as a result of high concentrations of platelets that are injected between five and ten times more and that affect the site of the disease rather than providing it with blood that flows automatically.
Re-germination of hair
Plasma injections help regenerate hair by injecting the platelets directly into the patient’s scalp, reducing the effect of any damage to the hair tissue.
In a study published in the journal Stem Cells Translational Medicine in 2013, researchers found that the use of platelet-injection plasma was particularly useful for germination of head hair in a more intense and shorter period of time, but this study was conducted only 20 people.
This modern technique is used to heal tissues quickly, especially for people who are damaged and severed in ligaments that are slow to heal, such as athletes who are exposed to infections and injuries to ligaments and tendons in areas of the knee, elbow, shoulder and heel. The injections help them to heal tissues quickly and return To the stadiums.
Plasma injections are used to reduce the severity of osteoarthritis infections, especially for athletes. A study published in the American Journal of Sports Medicine found that athletes who underwent this type of treatment had decreased pain caused by osteoarthritis significantly, however, this study was also narrow in scope, involving only 78 participants.
A study published in the American Journal of Sports Medicine in 2014 found that nearly three times the treatment of platelet-rich plasma injections significantly reduced symptoms in a group of patients with chronic patellar tendon disorder in the knee and conducted the study on 28 patients.
Roughness of the knee joint
Studies of this method suggest that platelet injection is a safe procedure and helps to treat knee roughness and reduce pain associated with it. Studies using magnetic resonance have proven that platelet injection helps to stop or delay knee deterioration.
This method is better than the injection of albumin materials, which are currently significantly reduced use, and the patient begins to feel better after 2-4 weeks of injection, and this method has no side effects, and can be repeated if necessary, but these injections are not Significant benefit in late cases of roughness and cases accompanied by curvature of the legs or a significant increase in weight, and should follow up with the doctor regularly during this period and follow his instructions.
How long does the injection last?
It takes several weeks for the plasma injection process to begin to appear, but in mild and recent cases it is cured shorter than large and chronic injuries.
Are there side effects of the injection?
This type of treatment usually does not involve any risk, since the patient’s own platelets are used, and the patient can return to normal daily activities after the injection is completed by the specialist.
However, in some cases the patient may develop allergies of a certain type, or pain and redness in the injection area, you can apply ice packs on the injection area for a quarter of an hour three times a day.